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Ecological Balance
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Environmental Planning
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Environmental management

Environmental management
By Dr. Norbert Kopytziok
Extract from: Kopytziok, Norbert: Waste and sustainable development. Global aspects for regional environmental planning on the basis of material stream related processing observations. Rhombos-Verlag, Berlin 2000

Until the beginning of the 1990s the ruling business philosophy was that environmental protective measures would merely cost money and result in no profit. Government environmental protective taxes were seen as a hinderance to business and enjoyed the reputation of provoking the export of production to foriegn countries. In order to prove that ecology and economy could complement one another, a systematic study of the material streams in several operations had to demonstrate this. From this business material point of view of company operations, specific environmental goals were developed which lead to positive economic results.
To further such effects the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) as well as the EU Commission developed standards for environmental management systems at the beginning of the 1990s. Along with this they combined the hope that positive effects would be seen for corporations through the collection and dissemination of environmentally relevant business information. On the basis of this information it should be demonstrable to businesses that they can achieve positive economic results by implementing particular environmental protection measures. And through this - such is the vision of the commission - there should arise an impulse to save on resources. The EU passed the EU Eco-Management and Audit Regulation Nr. 1836/93 put into effect in the Fall of 1995. One year later the world-wide effective norm for environmental management systems ISO 14001 was put into effect. Both systems put heavy emphasis on the fact that corporations should voluntarily set up an environmental management system, and that the results be documented and open to the public.

Influence of ecological aspects in the choice of company location

The attached expert article demonstrates how the spectrum of ecological aspects can have a bearing on the decision of a new location for operations.
Text in German Download (PDF formated, ca. 110 KB)