Waste as indicator of sustainability
By Dr. Norbert Kopytziok and Nina Schwarz
from: Ecology Yearbook 2002 (Jahrbuch Ökologie 2002)
the framework of Local Agenda 21, ecological, economic and social indicators
are needed to compare the results of improvement measures. In the area
of "ecology" we find indicators such as energy and water consumption,
urban density, nitrate impact on soils, and waste amounts.
The waste management indicators differ from the quantity of
municipal waste per person and year, from the used and incinerated waste
quantities, and from the portion of the wastes exported from the region.
The attached article deals with the essential parameters for evaluating
how far the resulting communal waste can be estimated as sustainable.
- Text in German
(German version in PDF-formated, ca. 80 KB)
Requirements of Agenda 21 from chapters relevant to waste management
By Dr. Norbert Kopytziok
Excerpt from: Kopytziok, Norbert: Waste and sustainable development
- Global aspects for regional environmental planning on the basis of material
stream related processing observations. Rhombos-Verlag, Berlin 2000
chapters 20 and 21 of Agenda 21, which deal with the central aspects
of waste management, chapters 4, 6 and 7 touch upon waste management.
The following will briefly outline these three chapters of Agenda 21
and their relation to waste management.